Educate Against Islamophobia

Islamophobia

Definition

“Islamophobia is rooted in racism and is a type of racism that targets expressions of Muslimness or perceived Muslimness.” - APPG British Muslims

1. What is Islamophobia?

“Islamophobia is rooted in racism and is a type of racism that targets expressions of Muslimness or perceived Muslimness.”- All Party Parliamentary Group on British Muslims

What does this mean?
Islamophobia is a type of racism that targets Muslims or those who appear to look like Muslims. 

2. How is Islamophobia a form of racism if Muslims are not a race?

Islamophobia is not just a form of hate crime. Muslims experience discrimination across many areas of life including healthcare, education, employment and policing.

It is therefore more appropriate to categorise Islamophobia as a form of racism rather than a hate crime. 

Moreover, Muslims have become racialised through stereotyping which leads people to believe that they are different from the rest of society.  

3. What does Islamophobia look like?

Prejudice, hostility and hatred towards Muslims or those who appear to look like Muslims. This includes:

    • – Hate crime – physical and verbal attacks

    • – Stereotyping Muslims

    • – Accusing Muslims of being responsible for the wrongdoings of other Muslims

    • – Exclusion and discrimination of Muslims or those who appear to look like Muslims. This includes: Favouring non-Muslim candidates over Muslim candidates for job interviews because of their Anglo-Saxon or western sounding name.

4. How widespread is Islamophobia in the UK?

    • – Almost ½ of all mosques or islamic institutions experienced reigiously motivated attacks in the last 3 years (Muslim Census and MEND, 2022)

    • – England and Wales: Between 2017-2021, the percentage of religious hate crimes targeted against Muslims ranged between 45-52% (Home Office)

    • – Scotland: In the year ending 2019, a ¼ of religious hate crimes were targeted against Muslims (Gov.Scot, 2019)

    • – 9% of the British public feel negative towards Muslims and 9.9% feeling ‘very negative’ (Jones and Unsworth, 2022)

    • – 59% of all British news articles associated Muslims with negative behaviour (CfMM, 2018)

5. What should I do if I witness or experience Islamophobia?

Just like any other form of racism and hate crime, you must report it! You can report the incident to the police or the Islamophobia Response Unit (IRU). 

If you are still in danger, it is advised to report the incident immediately to the police by dialling 999, otherwise you can report it to the IRU by dialling the following line: 0203 904 6555. 

Alternatively, you can submit a report to the IRU on the following link.

Glossary

APPG on British Muslims– The All Party Parliamentary Group on British Muslims is an interest group made up of MPs and Lords from various different political parties. They get together to discuss and highlight issues facing British Muslims.

Exclusion– isolating a group of people e.g. Muslims from participating in society

Discrimination– treating someone unfairily on the basis of a protected characteristic e.g. religion.

Prejudice– a (negative) belief about a person or a group. This belief is usually based on a stereotype. racism, sexism, Islamophobia, anti-Semitism are all examples of prejudice.

Racialised– categorising people according to their race/ethnic background

Stereotyping– A usually negative preconceived and oversimplified idea of the characteristics which typify a person, race, or community which may lead to viewing or treating them in a particular way, e.g. that all Muslims are violent or intolerant of other religions